Dr Alexander Fleming, in 1922, discovered the antibacterial properties of lysozyme, first in his own nasal mucus and subsequently in tears. He discovered lysozyme by chance. One day, when he had a cold, he added a drop of mucus to the culture and, much to his surprise, it killed the bacteria. He had discovered one of our own natural defenses against infection. Unfortunately, lysozyme is a large molecule that is not particularly useful as a drug. It can be applied topically, but cannot rid the entire body of disease, because it is too large to travel between blood cells. Fleming continued his research and discovered penicillin five years later.
lysozyme is a protein naturally occurring in many organisms such as plants, insects, birds, reptiles and mammals. In mammals, lysozyme is found in nasal secretions, saliva, tears, intestines, urine and milk. lysozyme’s natural function in biological liquids (tears, saliva, salt water secretions) is to attack bacteria foreign to the body. A bacteria invading the body through any typical route: eyes, mouth, nose, cut, etc. will meet up with the human immunological system, of which lysozyme is a critical part. Biologically, lysozyme attacks the cell wall of certain bacteria (all gram positive and a few gram negative). By nicking the cell in numerous spots, lysozyme gradually weakens the wall. When the osmotic pressure within the cell is too much for the weakened wall to withstand, the bacterium will burst. The cell wall lysing function is where the enzyme received its name.
Lysozyme attacking Staphylococcus aureus bacteria
lysozyme plays a vital role in protecting your body every day. H2Ocean is helping to provide this same protection topically at the piercing or tattoo site.